What is gum disease (gingivitis)?
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the tissues surrounding the teeth and is most commonly caused by poor dental hygiene. Gingivitis is a very common condition that varies widely in severity and is not the same thing as periodontitis.
Gingivitis always comes before and acts as a warning sign for the more severe condition of periodontitis.
Gum diseases attack the gums and bone that support the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of saliva, food debris, and bacteria.
If not removed, it turns into tartar (calculus). When plaque and calculus are not eliminated, they begin to destroy the gums and bone.
Periodontal disease is characterised by redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
Listed below are the early signs of gum disease:
- Bleeding gums
- Loose teeth
- Newly formed teeth spacing
- Pus from the teeth and gums
- Swollen gums
- Gum pain
Causes and Prevention of Gum Diseases
Bacteria cause gum disease by means of dental plaque, the sticky substance that forms on your teeth a couple of hours after you have brushed.
To kill the bacteria in your mouth, the cells of your immune system release substances that cause damage and inflammation to the gums, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone.
Practising proper oral hygiene and regularly visiting your dentist helps prevent gum diseases.
Brushing every day using a soft-bristled toothbrush and proper flossing help remove most of the plaque deposits.
Professional cleanings performed by your Gosnells dentist can control plaque in places that a toothbrush or floss can reach.
When you skip your oral hygiene routine or your dental check-ups, plaque build-up speeds up and may extend to the gums.
Proper flossing helps dislodge the plaque; but if it is not removed, the bacteria will multiply, causing a more advanced infection.
The plaque build-up below the gum line results in gum inflammation.
Gum tissues begin to recede from the tooth, forming a space between. The spaces promote further plaque formation since it becomes harder to remove plaque.
If plaque is left to thrive on teeth, it hardens and turns into calculus (tartar).
Since calculus is rougher than enamel, even more plaque attaches to it.
Using tartar-control toothpaste may help the slow down the build-up of calculus around the teeth, but it can’t affect the tartar that has already accumulated below the gum line.
Taking Care of your Gums
Here are some tips you can follow to keep your teeth and gums healthy:
- Brush your teeth two times a day. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and make sure to replace it at least every 3 to 4 months.
- Floss your teeth daily.
- Eat a healthy diet. Avoid sticky, sugary foods.
- Avoid smoking.
- Visit your dentist every six months.
Gum Disease Treatment at Smile Dental Studios Gosnells
Are you interested in keeping your teeth and gums beautiful and healthy?
Perhaps you are in need of other dental work? Dr Nina Madlani at Smile Dental Studios Gosnells is eager to speak with you about your dental treatment needs and options.
We are your friendly dental practice located at 8/2328 Albany Hwy in Gosnells.
Frequently Asked Questions
How is gingivitis different from periodontitis?
What causes gum disease?
Who performs gum disease treatments?
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